Volume 7, Issue 3, June 2019, Page: 66-77
Parametric Study of Drivetrain Dynamics of a Wind Turbine Using the Multibody Dynamics
Wei Shi, State Key Laboratory of Coast and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China; Deepwater Engineering Research Center, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China; Offshore Renewable Energy Research Center, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China; State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China
Dezhi Ning, State Key Laboratory of Coast and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China; Offshore Renewable Energy Research Center, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China
Zhe Ma, Deepwater Engineering Research Center, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China
Nianxin Ren, Deepwater Engineering Research Center, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China; Offshore Renewable Energy Research Center, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, China
Hyunchul Park, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Korea
Received: Jun. 20, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 22, 2019;       Published: Aug. 5, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmea.20190703.11      View  166      Downloads  58
Abstract
Wind energy has become one of the most cost-effective and environmental friendly renewable energy resources among all exploited renewable energy. However, the failure of gearbox contributes most of the downtime for wind turbine system. Dynamic properties of drivetrain, including gearbox should be investigated in detail further. In present paper, a mathematical model for a horizontal axis wind turbine drivetrain was developed using the torsional multibody dynamic model. The drivetrain in this study consisted of a low-speed planetary gear stage (three identical planets with spur teeth, sun and fixed ring gears) and two high-speed spur gear stages. This typical arrangement has been commonly used in the wind turbine industry. Based on this model, this paper aims to investigate the influence of drivetrain parameters on the dynamic response of the wind turbine. The dynamic responses of the turbine with different rotor inertia and generator inertia are compared. Then the difference due to changing of the shaft stiffness is also investigated during and after the transient condition. This parametric study shows that lower rotor inertia and generator inertia could lead to more oscillations.
Keywords
Wind Turbine, Drivetrain, Multibody Dynamics, Transient Condition
To cite this article
Wei Shi, Dezhi Ning, Zhe Ma, Nianxin Ren, Hyunchul Park, Parametric Study of Drivetrain Dynamics of a Wind Turbine Using the Multibody Dynamics, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2019, pp. 66-77. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmea.20190703.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Dincer F (2011) The analysis on wind energy electricity generation status, potential and policies in the world. Renew Sust Energ Rev 15 (9): 5135-5142.
[2]
Luhur MR, Manganhar AL, Solangi KH, Jakhrani AQ, Mukwana K C, Samo S R (2016) A review of the state-of-the-art in aerodynamic performance of horizontal axis wind turbine. Wind Struct 22 (1): 1-16.
[3]
Jonkman JM (2009) Dynamics of offshore floating wind turbines - model development and verification. Wind Energy, 12 (5): 459-492.
[4]
Kim CH, Kim KS, Kim HY, Paek IS, Yoo NS, Nam YS, Campagnolo F, Bottasso C (2012) A method to estimate bending moments acting on a wind turbine blade specimen using FBG sensors. Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf 13 (7): 1247-1250.
[5]
Shi W, Park HC, Na S, Song J, Ma S, Kim CW (2014) Dynamic analysis of three-dimensional drivetrain system of wind turbine. Int J Precis Eng Manuf 15 (7): 1351-1357.
[6]
Zhang JP, Li DL, Han Y, Hu DM, Ren JX (2013) Dynamic stability analysis on large wind turbine blade under complicated offshore wind conditions. J Vibroeng 15 (3): 1597-1605.
[7]
Oyague F (2009) Gearbox Modeling and Load Simulation of a Baseline 750-kW Wind Turbine Using State-of-the-Art Simulation Codes. Technique report NREL/ TP-500-41160.
[8]
Dresig H, Schreiber U (2005) Vibration Analysis for Planetary Gears, Modeling and Multibody Simulation. Proceedings of ICMEM2005, Nanjing, China, October.
[9]
Shi W, Kim CW, Chung CW, Park HC (2012) Dynamic Modeling and Analysis of a Wind Turbine Drivetrain Using the Torsional Dynamic Model. Int J Precis Eng Manuf 14 (1): 153-159.
[10]
Shi W, Park YH, Park HC, Ning DZ (2018) Dynamic analysis of the wind turbine drivetrain considering shaft bending effect. J Mech Sci Technol 32 (7): 3065-3072.
[11]
Todorov M, Vukov G, Dovbrev I (2009) Analysis of torsional oscillation of the drivetrain in horizontal axis wind turbine. Electromotion-2009-EPE Chapter ‘Electric Drives’ Joint Symposium Lille, France.
[12]
Todorov M, Vukov G (2010) Parametric torsional vibrations of a drive train in horizontal axis wind turbine. Proceedings of CFSER-2010, Damas.
[13]
Wu X, Ma Z, Rui X, Yin W, Zhang M, Ji K (2016) Speed control for the continuously variable transmission in wind turbines under subsynchronous resonance. IJST-T Mech Eng 40 (2): 151-154.
[14]
Lin J, Parker RG (2002) Planetary gear parametric instability caused by mesh stiffness variation. J Sound Vibr 249 (1): 129-145.
[15]
Shabana A (2010) Computational Dynamics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Ed., New York.
[16]
Kahraman A (2001) Free torsional vibration characteristics of compound planetary gear sets. Mech Mach Theory 36 (8): 953-971.
Browse journals by subject