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Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2020, Page: 88-94
Prospect of Utilization of Solar Energy in SWCC Existing MED Desalination Satellite Plants
Ahmed Saeed Al-Ghamdi, Thermal Department, Desalination Technologies Research Institute (DTRI-SWCC), Jubail, Saudi Arabia
Amro Mohammed Mahmoud, Thermal Department, Desalination Technologies Research Institute (DTRI-SWCC), Jubail, Saudi Arabia
Khalid Bamardouf, Thermal Department, Desalination Technologies Research Institute (DTRI-SWCC), Jubail, Saudi Arabia
Received: Jul. 13, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 27, 2020;       Published: Aug. 31, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmea.20200803.12      View  147      Downloads  72
Abstract
The shortage of drinking water source limits the socio-economic development of many areas of the world. Saudi Arabia has very limited resources in fresh water source and around 40 to 50% of portable water in Saudi Arabia is produced by desalination technology which depends on using fossil energy. The high cost of the water and electricity production reflects depleting the Oil resources of the country which is nonrenewable, solar energy would be a good alternative since Saudi Arabia has abundant free solar energy. This study investigates the feasibility of using concentrated solar power system (CSP) for thermal desalination. The study is conducted for CSP coupled with multi effect desalination with thermal vapor compressor (MED-TVC) existed in western province Saudi Arabia in five locations with various DNI, for two cases, without storage and with 16 hours storage. The total saving from coupling solar collectors to all five plants shows around 20.45 million $ per year. Using of solar energy can reduce carbon dioxide emission to the environment by 420 thousands ton per year for all selected plants.
Keywords
MED-TVC, Solar, Desalination, Cost of Water (LCOW)
To cite this article
Ahmed Saeed Al-Ghamdi, Amro Mohammed Mahmoud, Khalid Bamardouf, Prospect of Utilization of Solar Energy in SWCC Existing MED Desalination Satellite Plants, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 88-94. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmea.20200803.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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